Geographic location and administrative division of Bryansk region
Bryansk region features a favorable transport and geographical location being at the intersection of major traffic arteries (the Moscow – Kiev, St. Petersburg – Kharkov – Rostov, Oryol – Vitebsk highways) in the western part of the European part of Russia.
The area of the region is 34,857 sq. km.
Bryansk region is part of the Central Federal district. It borders on two regions of Belarus (Gomel region to the west, Mogilev region to the northwest), two regions of Ukraine (Chernigov and Sumy regions) to the south and four regions of the Russian Federation (Oryol region to the east, Kursk region to the southeast, Smolensk region to the north, Kaluga region to the northeast.
The region is pierced by five important trunk railways connecting it with Poland, Germany, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, the Baltic States and the CIS.
Bryansk region consists of 289 municipal entities: 27 municipalities possessing the status of municipal districts, 6 urban districts, 30 urban settlements and 226 rural settlements.
The administrative capital of Bryansk region is Bryansk city.
Economy of Bryansk region
The agro-industrial complex of Bryansk region has seen successful development in recent years. More than 700 agricultural producers, 289 food and food processing companies are operating in the region. The local agro-industrial complex employs more than 34,000 people.
Animal husbandry accounts for 55%, crop husbandry for 45% of the total output in the agricultural sector of Bryansk region.
The region ranks ninth in the production of all kinds of meat. Of special note is the role of beef farming in Bryansk region which takes the lead in the meat cattle stock in the Russian Federation.
As for the agricultural profile, Bryansk region leads in the gross yield and acreage of potatoes in Russia.
The key industries of the region include machine building, metalworking, radioelectronics, food processing and timber processing.
Market shares of Bryansk producers in the Russian market (in the 1st half of 2017):
- 100% of electrical rectangular connectors are manufactured by Joint Stock Company Karachev plant Electrodetal, JSC Snezhet, OJSC Rezistor, Nerussa Factory LLC,
- 80% of diesel locomotives are manufactured by JSC Bryansk Engineering Works,
- JSC METACLAY produces 80% of metalen,
- Bryansk worsted mill LLC produces 60% of worsted cloth,
- Bryanskiy arsenal manufactures 60% of motor graders,
- CJSC Gruppa Kremny El ranks second in the output of integrated circuits and transistors,
- Zhukovsky Bike and Motor Factory LLC produces 75% of all-terrain vehicles, 35% of snowmobiles, 11% of bikes,
- JSC Klintsovsky truck crane plant accounts for 34.7% of truck-mounted cranes,
- CJSC JV BRYANSKSELMASH produces 27% of forage combine harvesters, 15% of grain combine harvesters,
- JSC Bezhitskaya steelmaking factory produces 20% of steel car casting.
Bryansk region is a large junction of rail lines, air routes, highways, oil and gas pipelines. It lies on the shortest traffic arteries connecting Moscow through Ukraine to Western Europe and St. Petersburg to the southern regions of Russia. Passenger and freight flows from the CIS and other countries pass through the region. The local transport system consists of the rail, road and air segments.
Given the border region status, several customs terminals are located in Bryansk region.